There are basically 2 types of Vitiligo:
- Non-Segmental Vitiligo and
- Segmental Vitiligo
Let us see what each if these types of Vitiligo are.
This is one of the most common types of Vitiligo.
In this type of Vitiligo, the patches of the skin where de-pigmentation occurs, usually shows some form of symmetry. For example, patches appear on both hands or both knees.
It often begins on hands, wrists, fingertips, feet, mouth or around eyes.
Non-Segmental Vitiligo can occur at any age. Which means you can be affected even after you have become old.
Even if you are already suffering from Vitiligo, there are chances that new patches will start showing up over a period of time.
These patches can occur anywhere on the body or on certain specific areas of the body.
Non-Segmental Vitiligo often starts with a rapid loss of skin color and then the color loss stops. But it again starts off later. This entire cycle of start and stop continues throughout the life of an individual.
Non-Segmental Vitiligo can be further classified into the following type:
- Generalized Vitiligo: This is the most common type. The de-pigmented patches are wide and randomly distributed on the body.
- Focal Vitiligo: In this type, one or more de-pigmented areas of skin are in a confined area of the skin.
- Universal Vitiligo: In this type, nearly the entire body skin gets de-pigmented.
- Acrofacial Vitiligo: In this, the de-pigmentation occurs away from the center of the body such as fingers.
- Mucosal Vitiligo: This is similar to Focal Vitiligo but only affect the mucous membranes of the body.
Segmental Vitiligo occurs on only one part of the body, such as arm or face and tends to spread more rapidly than Non-Segmental Vitiligo.
This occurs more commonly in children.
Many people suffering from Segmental Vitiligo experience loss of hair color on head, eyebrows or eyelashes.
Segmental Vitiligo is not associated with autoimmune disorders and it often progresses for about a year or so and then stops.
Hope you have now got a fair amount of idea on the various types of Vitiligo.
Having this knowledge on the various types of Vitiligo is important because it will help you in your effort cure Vitiligo.
However when in doubt, do consult your doctor.
In the next article we will talk about Vitiligo Causes.